Black Death killed 30 to 60% of European population in Middle Ages. Meanwhile, it has been weaponized…


Interesting facts about the Black Death in The Sun.

The Black Death  peaked in Europe between 1346 and 1353.

It left an estimated 75 – 200 million people dead in Eurasia.

The fatality rate was 30-60 per cent of the European population at the time.

It took around 300 years for global populations to return to pre-plague levels after the outbreak.

And this was before the Black Death was weaponized…

From The Sun

BLACK DEATH IS BACK When was the Black Death, what are bubonic plague symptoms and what has happened in Madagascar?
Here’s everything you need to know about the devastating disease amid an outbreak in Madagascar
By George Harrison
22nd October 2017, 8:14 pmUpdated: 22nd October 2017, 9:29 pm
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THE Black Death, one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, reduced entire civilisations to their knees during the last major outbreak.

Earlier this year it was confirmed the plague has hit America, and an ongoing outbreak in Madagascar has left 100 dead. Here’s the lowdown.

 The Black Death often conjures up chilling images of masked plague doctors, who would stuff fresh herbs and spices in their ‘beaks’ to deal with the smellGETTY – CONTRIBUTOR
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The Black Death often conjures up chilling images of masked plague doctors, who would stuff fresh herbs and spices in their ‘beaks’ to deal with the smell
What is plague?

Plague is an infectious disease caused by bacteria usually found in small mammals and their fleas.

It has an extremely high fatality rate and is very infectious, although it can be treated by antibiotics if it’s caught early.

There are three forms of plague infection: pneumoic plague, septicaemic plague and bubonic plague, the most common form.

Bubonic plague was known as the Black Death in medieval Europe, where an outbreak brought entire civilisations to their knees and decimated the world’s population.

Black Death is spread through the bite of infected fleas, whereas pneumonic plague, the most contagious form, develops after a bubonic infection.

Pneumonic infections can then be spread through the air, while septicaemic plague occurs when infection spreads through the bloodstream.

 Plague is a bacterial disease which swept through medieval Europe and has cropped up occasionally in the centuries sinceCUSTOM MEDICAL STOCK PHOTO – GETTY
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Plague is a bacterial disease which swept through medieval Europe and has cropped up occasionally in the centuries since
When was the Black Death?

The Black Death, a widespread bubonic plague infection, peaked in Europe between 1346 and 1353.

It was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, leaving an estimated 75 – 200 million people dead in Eurasia.

This fatality rate represents a staggering 30-60 per cent of the European population at the time.

After the plague, society experienced a series of marked changes, including a rise in religious fanaticism.

Lacking the medical knowledge to understand the pandemic, some groups blamed Jews and lepers for the outbreak – resulting in mass killings throughout Europe.

It took around 300 years for global populations to return to pre-plague levels after the outbreak.

 The Black Death decimated the population of Europe when it swept through the continent in the 1300sALAMY
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The Black Death decimated the population of Europe when it swept through the continent in the 1300s
What are plague symptoms?

The World Health Organisation describes plague symptoms as “flu like”, with one to seven days between incubation and the symptoms emerging.

Sufferers are likely to have painful lymph nodes, chills, fever, headaches, weakness and fatigue.

In bubonic sufferers, these inflamed lymph nodes may end up turning into pus-filled open sores.

Bubonic plague is fatal in 30-60 per cent of cases, while the pneumonic kind is always fatal, if left untreated.

 Bubonic plague, the most common form, is spread via the bites of infected fleasOXFORD SCIENTIFIC RM – GETTY
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Bubonic plague, the most common form, is spread via the bites of infected fleas
How is plague spread?

The three different types of plague all refer to different ways the disease can be spread.

In bubonic infections, plague-causing bacteria can be transmitted between animals and fleas, with infected fleas then passing the disease on to people through bites.

Infected people may then develop pneumonic plague once their bubonic infection becomes advanced.

Lung-based pneumonic plague can then sometimes be transmitted through the air between sufferers.

Following a pneumonic or bubonic infection, people can then develop septicaemic plague, which occurs when the infection spreads through the bloodstream.

What has happened in Madagascar?

Health officials have warned that “no one is safe” from a deadly outbreak of Black Death on the holiday island of Madagascar.

They say the disease has now become much more contagious because it is now being transmitted from person-to-person through the air – as well as from animals to humans through infected flea bites.

The death toll has reached at least 100, with the UK Government warning British tourists to stay away from plague-hit areas.

While cases of bubonic plague occur in Madagascar nearly every year, this years epidemic is “much more dangerous”, according to one expert.

The World Health Organisation said that this year, plague arrived earlier than expected, and the infection is also spreading in urban centres and in areas that until now had not been affected.

https://www.thesun.co.uk/living/4245042/black-death-plague-symptoms-madagascar/

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